How can I run Orthanc behind nginx?

Similarly to Apache, Orthanc can run behind nginx through reverse proxying. Here is the configuration snippet for nginx:

server {
   listen  80  default_server;
   ...
   location  /orthanc/  {
      proxy_pass http://localhost:8042;
      proxy_set_header HOST $host;
      proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
      rewrite /orthanc(.*) $1 break;
   }
   ...
}

Note: Thanks to Qaler for submitting this information.

Enabling CORS

It is also possible to enable cross-origin resource sharing (CORS) with nginx:

server {
   listen  80  default_server;
   ...
   location  /orthanc/  {
      proxy_pass http://localhost:8042;
      proxy_set_header HOST $host;
      proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
      rewrite /orthanc(.*) $1 break;
      add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Credentials' 'true';
      add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Headers' 'DNT,X-CustomHeader,Keep-Alive,User-Agent,X-Requested-With,If-Modified-Since,Cache-Control,Content-Type';
      add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Methods' 'GET, POST, OPTIONS';
      add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Origin' '*';
   }
   ...
}

Note: Thanks to Fernando for submitting this information.